Bulk cargo is a shipping term for items that are shipped loosely and unpackaged as opposed to being shipped in packages or containers. An item may be classified as bulk cargo if it is not containerized and easily secured on a vessel.
Dry/ Liquid Bulk Cargo.
Bulk cargo is classified as either free flowing, a liquid, or a dry item. This type of cargo is typically dropped or poured as a liquid or solid into a merchant ship, railway car, or tanker truck. Goods such as coal, grains, oil, or chemicals that are not packaged in any type of container, and transported in large quantities.
Liquid bulk cargo is carried unpackaged in any quantity and usually transported by ships that are commonly referred to as tankers which are built specially to make the loading and unloading process become easy.
Liquid bulk’s loading process tends to be more complicated than other types of cargoes. First of all, it takes more times to clean the tanker if the liquids are leaked out from the vessels. After the ship arrives at the dock, the ship’s officers and representatives of the terminal will check the cleanliness of the tankers. Once they approve, the loading process can be started.
When loading crude oil cargo, it is crucial to check the presence of water. If it is found, the note of protest should be made. During the loading, shipping, and unloading process, daily checks regarding the tank ullages, temperatures, and inert gas pressures should be carried out and carefully recorded. If the liquid bulk cargoes are hazardous, temporary warning in the English language is displayed at a certain place where the passersby can easily notice it.
What is Dry Bulk Cargo?
Dry bulk shipping refers to the movement of significant commodities carried in bulk: – the so-called major bulks (such as iron ore, coal, grain), together with ships carrying steel products (coils, plates and rods), lumber or log and other commodities classified as the minor bulks.
The importance of the dry cargo industry is crucial. Without it, global trade and industry could not exist. The international steel industry, for example, could not function without an efficient and cost effective maritime industry transporting the raw materials – coal and iron ore, as well as the means to ship the finished product around the world.